Technique: Stakeholder-Issue Interrelationship Diagram

Why use this technique?

Stakeholder-Issue Interrelationship Diagram represents the interest of individual stakeholders with different issues. Issues came from results of the stakeholder analysis and are derived from the interests of the dedicated actors e.g.: cost, liability.

Stakeholder-Issue Interrelationship Diagram focuses on the relationships among the stakeholders through their relationships with issues. These relationships highlight the actual and potential areas of cooperation and conflicts and the interest of stakeholders. The interests may vary from stakeholder to stakeholder.

How to use it?

Step 1: Derive stakeholders from your power/interest matrix.

Step 2: Brainstorm issues that appear to be present in the situation at hand.

Step 3: Draw the issues as rectagles.

Step 4: Draw stakeholders (as eclipses/circles) and put connections between stakeholders and issues. Remember that any stakeholder may be involved in more than one issue.


Figure: Example of Stakeholder-Issue Interrelationship diagram


  • Arrows indicate that stakeholders have a stake in an issues; the content of each arrow -that is, the stake or interest involved -should be identified and documented separately.
  • Multiple stakeholders can have interest in the same issue however their interest may be conflicting/different. Some further analysis may be needed to discover what the differences are.
  • You can be creative: Use brown paper and post-it notes in two colours (one for stakeholders and one for issues) to create your first version of the diagram.

Advantages and disadvantages:


  • A very useful technique to discover areas of (1) common concern and (2) potential conflicts early in the project.


  • It can be difficult to identify a complete list of issues which shall be part of this diagram, before more detailed analysis takes place.

Further reading:

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